CENSAM stopped activities on Dec. 2017. For updates and information contact to Erik Velasco (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Air quality has become one of the most important environmental and health concerns in the modern life. Links between air pollution and health effects are observable even where pollutant levels are seemingly low. It is known that poor air quality can cause short- and long-term impacts on public health, resulting in increased health costs, loss in manpower hours, and ultimately reduction in quality of life.
Unlike many industrialized metropolitan areas, Singapore is far from being a hazy and highly polluted city. However, similar to many other cities, fine particles, particles smaller than
2.5 µm in size, exceed the international standards and guidelines of the World Health Organization. A science-based and transparent air quality management under a multipollutant framework can assist Singapore's efforts to reduce its levels of airborne particles, and in general of any atmopsheric pollutant.
The atmosphere over tropical cities is not well researched and represents an opportunity for Singapore to expand its agenda in environmental research and development. In this context, our research has the aim of providing a scientific base for devising new regulations to improve the air quality and climate change mitigation of Singapore and other tropical cities. A comprehensive characterization of emission sources, transport, and fate of pollutants and greenhouse gases will build a strong knowledge base applicable to other fast-growing cities in Southeast Asia and tropical places in general.
The following chart presents the topics on air quality managemet and climate change mitigation covered by our team.
Our findings and data are publicly available. Results go over a peer-review process before publication. Grad and undergrad students are always encouraged to particpate in our projects as part of the educational and outreach activities.
We also work closely with journalists, who are the perfect vehicle for communicating our findings with the society. The public's perception of scientists' expertise and trustworthiness are very important.
Erik Velasco (SMART, Singapore; email@example.com)
Armando Retama (SIMAT, Mexico)
Soheil Rastan (Former Senior Visiting Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, NUS, Singapore)
- Velasco E, Retama A: Ozone's threat hits back Mexico City. Sustainable Cities and Society 31, 260-263, 2017.
Jaimes-Palomera M, Retama A, Elias-Castro G, Neria-Hernandez A, Rivera-Hernandez O, Velasco E: Non-methane hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of Mexico City: results of the 2012 ozone-season campaign.
Atmospheric Environment 132, 258-275, 2016.
- Velasco E: How to battle air pollution in Singapore & Mexico (in Spanish).
Universitarios Potosinos, 12 (190), 10-17, 2015.
Velasco E and Rastan S: Air quality in Singapore during the 2013 smoke-haze episode over the Strait of Malacca: Lessons learned.
Sustainable Cities and Society, 17, 122-131, 2015.
Velasco E and Roth M: Review of Singapore’s air quality and greenhouse gas emissions: current situation and opportunities.
J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 62(6), 625-641, 2012.
- More research needed to mitigate impact on haze. The Star, Malaysia, 4 Sep 2016.
All fuel sold by PEMEX or any private company need to be certified. Newsweek in Spanish special edition "Kidnapping of clean air", pp 40-42, Mexico, 26 Aug 2016.
NEA creates bands to simplify PM2.5 readings. The Straits Times, Singapore, 28 Jun 2016.
- Can S-E Asia be haze-free by 2020? The Straits Times, Singapore, 9 May 2016.
Motorcycle industry could struggle with stricter emission standards: Expert. Channel NewAsia, Singapore, 16 April 2016.
- Trucks are the primary source of emission of fine particles in Mexico City. El Universal, México, 11 April 2016.
- A change of paradigm (In Spanish). Tribuna Milenio, 21 March 2016.
- Air quality expected to worsen as haze returns.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 6 November 2015.
- Tödlicher Qualm: Die brandrodungen in Indonesien bedrohen millionen von menschen in Südostasien. (Deadly fumes: The slash and burn in Indonesia are threatening millions of people in Southeast Asia.
Sächsische Zeitung, Germany, 30 October 2015.
- Experts divided on effect of high PM2.5 levels.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 21 October 2015.
- Official one-hour PSI figures, please.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 8 October 2015.
Rain brings some respite from haze.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 3 October 2015.
Hazy conditions to continue on Saturday, visibility likely to get worse.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 2 October 2015.
- Haze expected to worsen today.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 2 October 2015.
Q &A to clean the air about haze.
The New Paper, Singapore, 26 September 2015.
Its the tiny things in the haze, not its look or smell, that matter.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 24 September 2015.
Scientist calls for Singapore ECA.
Ship & Bunker, News & Features , Vancouver, Canada, 17 September 2015.
Rain or shine, keep N95 masks on during severe haze: Expert, Channel NewAsia website, Singapore, 16 Sep 2015.
Air pollution from daily sources 'also a health risk'.
Today newspaper, Singapore, 16 Sep 2015.
Polluted air costs 7-million of lives (in Spanish).
El Universal, Mexico, 11 May 2015.
Mexico City, my laboratory: Erik Velasco (in Spanish).
Agencia Informativa CONACYT, Mexico, 17 Apr 2015.
Study to suss out air pollutants here.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 27 Jan 2015.
Pushing for higher air quality.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 20 Mar 2014.
Towards a robust clean air strategy.
The Straits Times, Singapore, 12 Jul 2012.
SMART Research Scientist Erik Velasco explains the impact of the boundary layer evolution on PM2.5 concentrations on Channel News Asia
During hazy periods triggered by wildfires in neighboring islands rain provides a respite, but be cautious, toxic gases are not washed out, they stay in the air
Body and Soul Haze Special – Environmental & long term health impact 938 LIVE, 17 Sep 15.
Dr Erik Velasco explains the climate change impacts along the Gulf of Mexico. He highlights the important role of mangroves to provide protection against cyclones on Hechos AM – TV Azteca Veracruz, 30 May 15.
Should you be more worried about the 3-hour PSI, 24-hour PSI, or PM2.5?
SMART CENSAM Dr Erik Velasco explains difference between PM10 and PM2.5 to Chinese Current Affairs programme called Frontline on Channel 8, 21 Jun 13.